Thursday, March 17, 2022

Automatic SQL Tuning Set in Oracle 21c

The SQL tuning sets introduced in Oracle 10g and DBMS_SQLTUNE package used to manage SQL Tuning. You can use SQL tuning sets to group statements into a single object and use as input to tuning tools.

The below command can be used to create a SQL Tuning set

EXEC DBMS_SQLTUNE.create_sqlset(sqlset_name => 'SQL_Tuning_Set1');

BEGIN
DBMS_SQLTUNE.CREATE_SQLSET (
sqlset_name => 'SQL_Tuning_Set1',
description => 'SQL Tuning Set 1’);
END;


You can use UPDATE_SQLSET procedure to update the attributes of the SQL statements in the SQL tuning Sets

You can use below query to find the SQL Tuning sets owned by the user

SQL> SELECT NAME, STATEMENT_COUNT, DESCRIPTION FROM USER_SQLSET;

You can use DELETE_SQLSET procedure to deletes all the statements in SQL Tuning set

BEGIN
DBMS_SQLTUNE.DELETE_SQLSET ( sqlset_name => 'SQL_Tuning_Set1');
END;
/


You can use DROP_SQLSET procedure command the SQL Tuning set using below command

BEGIN
DBMS_SQLTUNE.DROP_SQLSET( sqlset_name => 'SQL_Tuning_Set1');
END;
/

You can also transfer the SQL tuning sets following steps create, pack, transfer, and unpack by using use below procedures. You can use datapump or export/import to export/import from source to destination database.

DBMS_SQLTUNE.create_stgtab_sqlset – create a stage
DBMS_SQLTUNE.pack_stgtab_sqlset – To pack SQL tuning sets
DBMS_SQLTUNE.unpack_stgtab_sqlset – To unpack SQL Tuning Sets

In Oracle 11g, further enhancements added to use SQL tuning sets with SQL Performance Analyzer. The DBMS_SQLPA package helps to build and compare two different version of the workload performance.

You can use CREATE_ANALYSIS_TASK to create an analysis task for SQL tuning set or for a single statement or single statement from the workload repository with range of snapshots

You can use below examples…

variable v_task VARCHAR2(64);
variable v_tset_task VARCHAR2(64);

-- SQL Text
EXEC :v_task := DBMS_SQLPA.CREATE_ANALYSIS_TASK(
sql_text => select dname, count(*) from dept, emp where dept.deptno = emp.deptno);

-- SQL ID
EXEC :v_task := DBMS_SQLPA.CREATE_ANALYSIS_TASK( SQL_ID => 'cv1d34ds5kdd4');

--Workload repository
exec :v_task := DBMS_SQLPA.CREATE_ANALYSIS_TASK( BEGIN_SNAP => 1, END_SNAP => 2,
SQL_ID => 'cv1d34ds5kdd4');

-- SQL Tuning Set
EXEC :v_tset_task := DBMS_SQLPA.CREATE_ANALYSIS_TASK( SQLSET_NAME => 'SQL_Tuning_Set1', order_by => 'BUFFER_GETS' );

You can use CANCEL_ANALYSIS_TASK procedure to cancel the task.

EXEC DBMS_SQLPA.CANCEL_ANALYSIS_TASK(:v_task);

In Oracle 21c, Automatic SQL tuning automates the entire SQL tuning processes. The automated SQL Tuning sets (ASTS) is a system generated execution plan and performance metrics, it is useful for repairing SQL performance regression when using SQL Plan management.

This feature is introduced in 19c RU 19.7 onwards and available with AWR . You can use ASTS with SQL plan management to implement entire workflow without manual intervention.

You can run below query dba_sqlset_Statements to view statements in ASTS

SQL> SELECT SQL_TEXT FROM DBA_SQLSET_STATEMENTS WHERE SQLSET_NAME = 'SYS_AUTO_STS';

You can use below commands to enable/Disable ASTS

BEGIN
DBMS_AUTO_TASK_ADMIN.ENABLE(
CLIENT_NAME => 'ASTS CAPTURE TASK',
OPERATION => NULL,
WINDOW_NAME => NULL);
END;
/

BEGIN
DBMS_AUTO_TASK_ADMIN.DISABLE(
CLIENT_NAME => 'ASTS CAPTURE TASK',
OPERATION => NULL,
WINDOW_NAME => NULL);
END;
/

Thanks & Regards
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